Kathmandu
Prague

Nepal

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Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Location: Southern Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates: 28°00' N, 84°00' E
Time zone: NPT (UTC+5:45)
Population: 30,986,975 (July 2014 est.)
Capital: Kathmandu (population: 975,453(2.5 million metropolitan area))
Major cities: Pokhara
Nationality: Nepalese (singular and plural) (Nound, Adjective)
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
Country code: NPL


Ethnic groups:
Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19%
note: 125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census (2011 est.)
Languages: Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%
note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English (2011 est.)
Religions: Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecifed 0.2% (2011 est.)
Area: Total: 147,181 sq km
Land: 143,351 sq km
Water: 3,830 sq km
Land boundaries: Total: 2,926 km
Border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km
Climate: Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
Terrain: Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
Highest point: Mount Everest 8,848 m (highest point in Asia)
Natural resources: Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders with China and India respectively
Administrative divisions: 14 zones (anchal, singular and plural); Bagmati, Bheri, Dhawalagiri, Gandaki, Janakpur, Karnali, Kosi, Lumbini, Mahakali, Mechi, Narayani, Rapti, Sagarmatha, Seti
Government type: Federal democratic republic
Legal system: English common law and Hindu legal concepts
President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari (since 29 October 2015)
Vice President: Nanda Kishor Pun (since 31st October 2015)
Prime Minister: Pushpa Kamal Dahal  (since 4 August 2016)
National symbol: Rhododendron blossom
National anthem: "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (Hundreds of Flowers)
Independence: 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)
National holiday: Republic Day, 29 May

January 15 - The first day of the month of Magh
January 30 - Martyr's day in Nepal remembering the first four Martys of Nepal.
January 31 - One out of the four Losars celebrated specially by the Tamang community.
February 4 - Schools celebrate this day by worshiping Goddess Saraswati, Hindu Goddess of knowledge, music, arts and nature.
February 19 - Democracy day of Nepal.
February 27 - Celebrated in reverence of Lord Shiva.
October 27-30 - Nepali people of Madhesi and hill ethnicity of Terai.
March 8 - International Women's Day
March 16 - known as holi, the festival of colors
March 30 - Observed primarily in Kathmandu valley with horse parades in Tundikhel.
April 8 - Birthday of Lord Rama.
April 14 - Nepalese New Year or the first day of Bikram Sambat calendar.
April 24 - Democracy day of Nepal.
May 1 - International labor day
May 14 - Birth date of Lord Gautam Buddha, born in Nepal
May 29 - Republic day in Nepal
August 10 - Sacred thread festival
August 11 - Celebrated only in Kathmandu, this festival worships cows Also a day when commemoration of the dead takes place
August 17 - Celebrates the birth of Lord Krishna
August 28 - Celebrated by mostly women for the wellness of their husband
August 30 - Celebrated only by women by fasting to show gratitude to the ancient preachers
September 2 - Celebrated mostly in far western Nepal, this festival is observed in other parts as well
September 8 - Celebrated only in Kathmandu, commemorates the founding of Kathmandu
September 25 - The beginning of Dashain
October 1 - Seventh day of Dashain when jamara is brought from Gorkha palace to Kathmandu
October 2 - Goddess Durga’s manifestations, the blood-thirsty Kali
October 3 - Maha Navami is the last day of Navaratri
October 4 - Eleventh day of Dashain where the celebration continues
October 5 - The final consecutive holiday of Dashain celebration
October 7 - Final full moon day after which Dashain officially ends
October 23 - Laxmi, Goddess of wealth is worshipped
October 24 - Mha Puja and Govardhan Puja
October 25 - Bhaitika Religious
October 29 - A festival dedicated to Hindu Sun God
November 6 - Sikhs celebrate the birth of first Sikh
December 6 - Celebrates the end of rice harvests
December 25 - Commemoration of birth of Jesus Christ
December 30 - Tamu Lhosar

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